Tanjore paintings mainly consist of themes on Hindu gods and goddesses, with figures of Lord Krishna in various poses and depicting various stages of his life being the favourite.
These religious paintings demonstrate that spirituality is the essence of creative work. It is the amalgamation of both art and craft.
The characteristics of the Tanjore paintings are their brilliant colour schemes, decorative jewellery with stones and cut glasses and remarkable gold leaf work.
It is also referred to as Mithila Art (as it flourishes in the Mithila region of Bihar).
It is characterized by line drawings filled in by bright colours and contrasts or patterns.
Traditionally done by the women of the region, though today men are also involved to meet the demand.
Popular because of their tribal motifs and use of bright earthy colours.
Paintings are done with mineral pigments prepared by the artists.
The work is done on freshly plastered or a mud wall.
Warli Folk Painting
Warli is the name of the largest tribe found on the northern outskirts of Mumbai.
There are no records of the exact origins of this art
Warli is the vivid expression of daily and social events of the Warli tribe of Maharashtra.
Paintings are used to embellish the walls of village houses
These paintings do not depict mythological characters or images of deities, but depict social life.
They are painted on an austere mud base using one color, white, with occasional dots in red and yellow.
Pattachitra painting is one of the oldest and most popular art forms of Odisha.
Some of the popular themes represented through this art form are Thia Badhia - depiction of the temple of Jagannath; Krishna Lila - enactment of Jagannath as Lord Krishna displaying his powers as a child; Dasabatara Patti - the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu; Panchamukhi - depiction of Lord Ganesh as a five-headed deity.
Kalam (Kalamezhuthu) is unique form of this art found in Kerala.
It is essentially a ritualistic art practiced in temples and sacred groves of Kerala where the representation of deities like Kali and Lord Ayyappa, are made on the floor.
Kalamezhuthu is practiced using natural pigments and powders, usually in five colours.
Ritual songs accompanied by a number of instruments (namely ilathalam, veekkan chenda, kuzhal, kombu and chenda) are sung in worship of the deity.
The drawing of a 'Kalam' is started at an appointed time and it is erased immediately after the rituals related to it are over.
Santhal Paintings are a painting style from the state of Bihar , India.
The folk or tribe expresses their activities, the natural environment around them, their lives through these paintings.
Gond Paintings are paintings from Madhya Pradesh, parts of Orissa, Chattisgarh done by the people from the Gondi tribe.
They use bright colors and generally depict the nature through paintings of birds, animals, people etc.
Pichwai Paintings are an outcome of the religiosity and devotion of the painters from Nathdwara, Rajasthan. Nathdwara is famous for the famous Shrinathji temple.
Every Pichwai has different depictions of Lord Shrinathji in various moods.
These paintings are done on a dark rough cloth which is embroidered with threads and sequins.
Kalamkari meaning Kalam (Pen) and Kari (work) are paintings originating from Andhra Pradesh.
They are paintings done on cloth using a pen like tool created from Bamboo or date sticks.
The painting is done on cloth using natural dyes generally in the colors like Indian Red, Charcoal Black, Ochre, Indigo.
It is said the artists have passed this art to their descendants by teaching them and hence it is been continued till today.
Tanjore Paintings originating from Tanjore, Tamil Nadu are one of the richest paintings.
The artists use pure gold and precious stones to make it. The paintings evolve from the time of Chola Rulers .