Current Affairs

Prelims spotlight (26-10-2016)

Officials ready to face Kyant
• Cyclone Kayant is nearing the coast of Vishakhapatnam
• It is of 'Cyclonic storm' category in the tropical cyclone intensity scale
• Tropical cyclone naming for North Indian Ocean region is done officially by the IMD
• However, the names themselves are contributed by 8 regional countries in a rotational manner
• It has been named 'Kayant', a name suggested by Bangladesh

Centre Constitutes Committee for monitoring Bird Flu
• National Institute of High Security lab for animal diseases - NIHSAD (Bhopal), Central lab at Indian Veterinary Research Institute - IVRI (Bareilly) shall assist the state governments
• NISHAD is an OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) recognised facility
• It has Bio-safety level 4 (BSL-4) standards of testing to work with such diseases
• BLS-4 laboratories have the highest levels of biosafety precautions

Impacting Farmers’ lives through Science Biotech-Kisan & Cattle Genomics
Biotech- KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) Empowering Small- and Women- Farmers with Science Implementation
• Launched by Department of Biotechnology.
• A Farmer organisation will be the hub connecting different science labs, Krishi Vigyan Kendra and State Agriculture Universities.
• Can you remember some of the scientific interventions initiated by GOI like ARYA, Mera Gauv Mera Gaurav, Soil health cards, scientific assessment of crop insurance scheme like PMFBY.

Scientists find pests in red gram fields in Kalaburagi
• Presence of serious fungus-like infections and pests in red gram fields in Kalaburagi district in Karnataka noticed
• Phytophthora a fungal disease and a web-based pest which damaged flowers in red gram was detected
• Phytophthora is a genus of plant-damaging oomycetes (water molds)
• Causes enormous economic losses on crops as well as environmental damage worldwide
• Phytophthora infestans caused the Great Irish Famine (1845–1849)
• Phytophthora infections are difficult to control chemically
• Growth of resistant cultivars is the main management strategy

Tamil Nadu tops in use of preventive detention law
Preventive detention laws may be passed by both the central and the state governments
Article 22(3) says that the rights guaranteed to an Arrested Person as per Article 22(1) and 22(2) are not applicable if:
• The person is at the time being an enemy alien (or)
• The person is arrested under certain law made for the purpose of “Preventive Detention“
Preventive detention laws in India
• Preventive detention Act 1950
• Maintenance of Internal Security Act 1969 (repealed)
• Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act 1974
• National Security Act 1980