Current Affairs

Prelims Spotlight (04-01-2017)

New chief justice of India sworn in.

  • Shri Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India.

Food for thought

  • Recall the basic points about CJI from Lakshmikanth book.

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas curtain raiser

  • It will be celebrated from 7 - 9 January.
  • PBD has been held traditionally on 9th January every year to commemorate the return of Mahatma Gandhi as a Pravasi from South Africa to India.
  • The first PBD was held in January 2003 in New Delhi.
  • Henceforth due to without any significant outcomes The Government has decided that the PBD Convention once in two years

Food for thought

  • What are ECR and Girmitiya countries?


Cabinet approves signing of MoU between India and Portugal, India and Kenya, India and Uruguay

  • MOU between India and Portugal focuses on Agreement for cooperation in the field of Agriculture and allied sectors.
  • MOU between India and Kenya focuses on bilateral cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors
  • MOU between India and Uruaguay on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters.


Food for thought

  • Locate Kenya and its surrounding countries in the world map. Locate lakes like Victoria, Tanganyika etc
  • Locate Uruguay and its surrounding countries in the world map.
  • Locate portugal and its surrounding countries in the world map.



  • Uruguay is an important trading partner of India among members of the MERCOSUR, a trading block in Latin America. India signed a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) with the MERCOSUR which came into effect from 1st June, 2009.


Pan-India expansion of Maternity Benefit Programme (MBP) to benefit pregnant and lactating mothers across the country

  • To protect under-nourished mother from inevitably giving birth to a low birth weight baby and wage loss during pregnancy
  • Ministry of Women and Child Development, in accordance with the provisions of Section 4(b) of National Food Security Act, formulated a scheme for pregnant and lactating mothers called Maternity Benefit Programme – a conditional cash transfer scheme.
  • The Scheme provides cash incentives to pregnant and lactating women
  • For the wage loss so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery;
  • To improve her health and nutrition during the period of pregnancy and lactation;
  • To breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth, which is very vital for the development of the child.
  • Under the scheme, all Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who are in regular employment with the Central Government or State Governments or Public Sector Undertakings or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being is eligible.
  • The cash incentive of Rs.6,000/- is payable in three installments for the first two live births at the following stages
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the cost sharing between Centre and States is 60:40 for all the States and uts (with legislature), 90:10 for NER and Himalayan States and 100% goi share for uts without legislatures.

Food for thought

  • Recall other important initiative by WCM